This week, 34 deemed Mauritanian religious and national leaders have signed a fatwa, or Islamic law, prohibiting female genital mutilation (FGM). The fatwa is considered a huge step towards women's rights in the world of Islam.
Female genital mutilation, or female genital mutilation, are a form of female circumcision. It involves the removal of all or part of the external female genital organs, including the clitoris and labia.
It is often performed on girls between the time where they were born and their early teenage years. After the circumcision is complete, much experience serious bleeding, difficulty in urinating, complications of childbirth and, in some cases, death.
According to the World Health Organization, the procedure has no medical benefits.
Female circumcision is not a practice of religion. However, it became "entitled by custom," said Jacqueline Castledine in an article published on the site of Mount Holyoke College.
She said that "the practice has become important of Islam because it is associated with female sexual purity." "FGM is intended by its practitioners for sexual drives of two control women and also for clean female genitalia by removing the clitoris, which is considered to be male, a female penis".
The Act was adopted on January 15, 2011, by 34 national and religious personalities Mauritanian. It prohibits the practice of female genital mutilation in the country.
According to Magharebia.com, "the authors cited the work of Islamic legal expert Ibn al-Hajj in support of their assertion that [s] uch practices were not present in the countries of the Maghreb in past centuries.".
This new law will certainly restrict the practice of female genital mutilation in Mauratania.
"" It removes the religious mask such practices have hidden behind, ", explains Dr. Cheikh Ould Zein Ould Imam, Professor of jurisprudence at the University of Nouakchott, in an article in Magharebia.com." "" We must, however, a media campaign to highlight the fatwa, to explain and to expose its religious and social significance. ?
Many men and women - both Islamic and it said pas - a victory for women's rights, saying the fatwa was long awaited.
"Where were the imams in the course of the past decades, when [FGM] killed dozens of girls each year?" Were imams and circumcision victims on two different planets? Speaking personally, I find no answer to these questions. All I'm trying to say, it's that necessary that fatwa prohibiting circumcision, long ago. I have been victimized by this brutal custom when I was seven, and he left an indelible psychological scar, "said Miriam, a woman 30 years circumcised as a young girl home.
Wendy Rose Gould is an independent journalist who resides in Phoenix. His work appeared both online and catalog of Hearst, Conde Nast, AOL, USA Today and other publications. Gould is an avid traveler who has lived abroad and traveled extensively in the world. She holds a Bachelor's degree in journalism and another in philosophy.